DWI Diversion Program Colorado

The DWI Diversion Program in Colorado: An In-Depth Analysis


Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) or Driving Under the Influence (DUI) is a serious criminal offense that poses significant risks to public safety. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, about 10,000 people are killed every year in alcohol-impaired driving crashes in the United States. In response to this pressing issue, states have implemented a range of programs aimed at both penalizing and rehabilitating offenders. Colorado, like many other states, has introduced a DWI diversion program aimed at reducing the rate of repeat offenses and aiding the rehabilitation process. This article will explore the facets of Colorado’s DWI diversion program, including its aims, eligibility criteria, procedures, and effectiveness.


The DWI diversion program in Colorado seeks to balance justice and rehabilitation. The core objectives of the program include:

  1. Public Safety: Reduce the number of intoxicated drivers on the road.
  2. Rehabilitation: Help offenders understand the gravity of their actions and make better choices in the future.
  3. Restorative Justice: Allow offenders to make amends with the community, often through community service or victim impact panels.
  4. Resource Management: Utilize law enforcement and judicial resources more effectively by fast-tracking cases that are suited for diversion.

Eligibility Criteria

Not every individual charged with a DWI is eligible for the diversion program. Eligibility is usually determined based on the following criteria:

  1. First-time Offenders: Generally, the program is limited to those who have not been previously convicted of a DWI or DUI.
  2. Blood Alcohol Level: Those with extremely high blood alcohol levels may be disqualified.
  3. Lack of Aggravating Factors: If the offense led to an accident, especially one causing injury or death, the offender is typically ineligible.
  4. Willingness to Participate: The offender must be willing to comply with the requirements, which usually include education courses and potentially treatment programs.

Procedures and Requirements

Once an offender is deemed eligible for the program, they must comply with a set of procedures and requirements:

  1. Plea Agreement: The offender usually enters a plea agreement with the prosecution. The plea may be deferred, meaning it will not be entered into the record if the offender completes the program successfully.
  2. Assessment: A thorough assessment of the offender’s background and habits is conducted to tailor the rehabilitation process to the individual.
  3. Education Courses: Offenders are often required to attend educational courses on safe driving and the dangers of drug and alcohol use.
  4. Treatment Programs: If alcohol or substance abuse problems are identified, the offender may be required to undergo a treatment program.
  5. Community Service: Offenders often have to complete a set number of community service hours.
  6. Monitoring: Regular checks, which may include random drug testing, are conducted to ensure compliance.
  7. Final Review: Upon completion, a final review determines whether the offender has met all requirements. Successful completion often results in dismissal or a reduction of the original charges.

Effectiveness and Controversies

Colorado’s DWI diversion program has received a mixed reception from the public and legal analysts alike. Supporters argue that it is a more humane and constructive approach, focusing on rehabilitating offenders and reducing the rate of repeat offenses. They point to data suggesting that participants are less likely to re-offend compared to those who go through the traditional judicial process.

However, critics argue that the program might be too lenient, potentially sending the wrong message about the severity of DWI offenses. Some claim it can create inequality as only those who are aware of the program or can afford legal advice might benefit from it.


The DWI diversion program in Colorado represents an alternative approach to handling DWI offenses, aiming at striking a balance between punishment and rehabilitation. While it is not without its criticisms, the initiative offers a route for first-time offenders to learn from their mistakes without the burden of a criminal record, so long as they adhere to the program’s strict requirements. As societal views on criminal justice continue to evolve, programs like these may offer insights into more balanced and constructive ways to ensure public safety.